The bura (bora) and the
jugo-siroco (jugo-scirocco) are the main winds
on the Adriatic. They prevail in the winter period from September to
May. The prevailing wind in the summer is the maestral.
The bora is a cold and dry north-easterly wind. It
blows from the continent, i.e. from the eastern side of the Adriatic
towards the open sea and brings bright weather. It starts abruptly and
blows in squalls toward the sea. It is strongest in the Velebit Channel
and the Gulf of Trieste. Picture shows typical "bura" corridors:
(1) Golf of Trieste, (2) Kvarner, (3)
Velebit Channel, (4) Sibenik, (5)
Split - Makarska, (6) Peljesac and (7)
Dubrovnik. In the summer the bora blows as a local wind and then
lasts only a few days. In the winter it may continue for six to fourteen
The jugo is a warm, humid
east-southeast wind. It is accompanied by heavy clouds and rain. It is
not a sudden wind like the bora but takes 36-38 hours to develop.
It blows throughout the Adriatic. In the summer it may appear as a local
wind and is more frequent in the southern part of the Adriatic. Between
March and June it blows in the north as well.
The maestral is a local wind which blows from the sea,
mostly in the summer. It usually starts between 10 and 11 in the morning
and reaches its greatest strength between 2 and 3 in the afternoon to
die down at sunset. It brings good weather. It is usually accompanied by
The burin, a north-easterly, blows in the summer from
The tramontana is a type of bora; it is a
Another type of bora is the easterly levante.
Pulenat blows from west and lebic